Independent Project

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Independent Project (Civil Engineering) Module
Code 6TE500
Module Handbook
Project Coordinator: Dr Victor Oke / Dr Tom Frank              
Room: 202 London College Campus           
Phone:02072434000 extension 2020 for Dr Frank; 07459872576 (V.Oke)
Introduction                                                                                                  3                     
Project deadlines                                                                                           3                     
Module specification                                                                                     4                     
Project supervision                                                                                       9                                
Planning your project                                                                                   10                   
The project proposal                                                                                    11                   
The project logbook                                                                                      13                               
The Oral Presentation/Viva                                                                         14       
The project report                                                                                        15       
University generic grading scale                                                                 16
Appendix A: Guide to Technical Report Writing
Appendix B: Finding information Library resources
Appendix C: Revision of project expenditure form
Appendix D: Industrial supervisors form
Appendix E: Plagiarism Guidance
Appendix F: Ethics Guidance
Appendix G: General Module Information
Ethics Form is attached.
Risk Assessment Form is attached.
The Project is seen as an important element of your specialist programme. It provides you with a challenge to identify and undertake a detailed study and present a major piece of independent work.
It aims to develop your skills to work independently, researching a topic of your choice, in depth, using relevant concepts and techniques. The process is intended to allow you to develop skills relevant to a career in your chosen specialist area. It is expected that you will not only collect and analyse information, but exhibit other skills such as your ability to plan and sustain a significant piece of laboratory based work, to manage interpersonal relationships and to identify and obtain the necessary resources.
During the academic year there are a number of project related deadlines for which specific evidence of your work must be submitted. The deadlines and relevant piece of work are as follows.
Submission Date
Proposal  Submission
5th/7thOCTOBER 2018 for submission the following week A hard copy to be pre-discussed with project supervisor for informal feedback prior to submission on the Udo Blackboard System
Proposal  Finalisation
 19th OCTOBER 2020 A hard copy  and an electronic submission.
Logbook (mid formative assessment): All students are expected to meet with their supervisor during January to assess satisfactory progression in the project and actions will be taken accordingly.
19th  December 2020 (September 2020 start)  Hand in (January 2020 start)    
  January 2021 (January 2020 start) May 2021 (September 2020 start) Both hard copies and electronic submissions
21st May 2021 (September 2020 start) Hard copy
In consultation with the main supervisor
Expected viva dates
15thMay 2021
Module Title
Module Code
Date of Approval
September  2016/17
Module Level
Credit value
Total Number of Learning Hours
Key Words  
project, independent, research, investigative study, practical project, proposal, report.
Module Delivery
Blended/Face to face
Work-based learning

Module Description  
The Independent Engineering Project is a major element of accredited engineering or technical degree. It provides the necessary evidence that you are technically competent and capable of entering the world of work as a professional engineer or technologist. The aim is to develop your ability to work independently, in a chosen topic, using relevant technical research and design concepts, and analytical, test, measurement and evaluation techniques, in order to produce a finished artefact or product. You will be expected not merely to collect, analyse and apply information, but also to exhibit other skills such as the ability to plan, manage and produce a significant technical piece of work.                               
Module Learning Outcomes  
On successful completion of the module, you will be able to: Negotiate and execute a realistic plan to deliver to agreed project outcomes, including structured approaches to planning, investigation and research, with due regard to the constraints of time, budget and available resources. Maintain an ongoing record, and write a substantial final analytical technical report containing an extensive critical evaluation of the methods adopted and the final outcome of the project.  Present and discuss in a viva voce setting your technical project in depth, clearly communicating the critical issues and key features of the project and be prepared to answer detailed questions.  
Module Content  
Project Management Definition of a project, project life cycle phases, project planning tools, risk analysis, resource management, managing project delivery.   Design Methods Applying structured design methods: clarification of need, conceptual design, embodiment design, detail design. Design for civil engineering, manufacture and sustainability.   Project Execution You will be expected to identify a technical project related to your final year studies. The project could originate from a list provided by the Module Leader or from a relevant personal interest of yours. All projects originating from you must be approved by the Module Leader prior to commencement and be sufficiently technically demanding to justify inclusion in the final stages of an accredited degree.  The project supervisor, allocated after submission of the proposal, is primarily responsible for monitoring your conduct and involvement as well as providing some guidance when deemed necessary.  A second supervisor is chosen to complement the expertise of the project supervisor and to provide internal moderation. You are expected to meet your project supervisors on a regular basis, ideally at least once a fortnight, throughout the year for guidance in strategy, implementation and report writing. The project proposal, (Learning outcome 1) is based on a preliminary survey of the problem area. It includes an outline of the scope and objectives of the study such as expected project outcomes, a plan of work, an assessment of the resources required for completion and an evaluation of safety and ethical implications (the former expressed as a formal risk assessment).   The project supervisor may ask for revisions to the project proposal and must finally agree to it, within three weeks of it being submitted.  The proposal will form an important part of the subsequent management of the project and will contribute to establishing the criteria for the assessment of the project.  A project logbook should be maintained on a continuous basis by you. This forms the agenda for the regular meetings between the project supervisor and you, and may be an e-log or a more traditional record.  During the course of the project, you will meet your supervisor regularly to discuss progress, as evidenced verbally and by the logbook. This allows problems to be dealt with at a retrievable point in the course of the project. It is the responsibility of you to ensure that these meetings occur. Practical work must be conducted in University premises, unless explicitly agreed otherwise by the project supervisor. Any practical work, whether on University or other premises, must not begin before the risk assessment and ethical clearance has been agreed. The final technical report and project logbook evidence will depend on the nature of the particular project.   Projects may be classified as one of two types: • An “investigative study” will include experiments or tests on equipment or systems already available. The main item of assessment is the analytical report of the investigation. The prescribed word count is not more than 7000 words (not including appendices or programme listings). • A “practical project” where the main assessment weighting is for a hardware, software (or hardware/software) artefact, and a technical evaluative report where the conclusion/recommendation should be substantial and analytical.  The report word count is less than that for the ‘investigative study’ and should be no more than 6000 words (not including appendices or program listings).    NOTE: Purely discursive projects ARE NOT allowed as this module forms part of an IET accredited programme and as such any project undertaken must contain significant practical or technical investigative work as the basis of the written report.   All practical work must be completed by the agreed deadline. The project report and project logbook will be submitted on the specified deadline. You are required to submit two bound, word-processed copies of a report of your work, and a version in electronic format. Before the report has been submitted, you will be required to attend a viva voce session to present and discuss the project in depth, and clearly communicate its critical issues and key features.  
Module Learning and Teaching Methods
The opening lectures will cover (i) project planning and management, (ii) investigation and research methods, and (iii) design methods, and will review University resources and how to use them. There will also be occasional lectures during the course of the project period to provide further input as appropriate, for example on writing the final report. To encourage an early start, a seminar for all students progressing to Level 6 will be provided towards the end of Level 5. Project guidance will also be provided during the University Induction Week, which is held at the beginning of the Academic Year.  You will be allocated a supervisor appropriate to your chosen area(s) of study after proposal submission.  As the project should relate to final year studies, there should not be a problem in allocating a supervisor with appropriate expertise. In the rare cases where this is not possible, for example in highly specialised areas, special arrangements will need to be made. Exceptionally, you may be advised to choose another topic. You will be largely self‑directed but will be expected to see your project supervisor on a regular basis over the two semesters, with a formal progress meeting in each semester.   Scheduled learning and teaching activities:            10% Guided independent study:                                       90%
Module Assessment                                          Method  
Assessment Weighting:       100% Coursework   The assessment is to be conducted through a project proposal, project logbook, final report, and a viva voce session. Guidance will be given on expected report format. Evidence of a literature survey, sound working practices (e.g. adoption of a structured design method), and application of relevant theory is expected. You will be required to present your work to an assessment panel of two or more academic staff including the project supervisor and may include the external examiner.    Formative: You must negotiate your project with your allocated project supervisor by presenting a written project proposal. This will include a literature review, budget outline, risk assessment, and ethical statement (where necessary). You will be given detailed formative feedback on your project proposal. You are then expected to see your project supervisor on a regular basis, at least once a fortnight over the two semesters, during which you will be given spoken and written feedback.   CW1:       80% Learning Outcomes 1 & 2 This coursework formally assesses all written elements of the project, including proposal, report and logbook, with marks distributed 10:80:10 respectively. The written technical report incorporates evidence of literature survey, relevant theory, design and project management methods applied application of professional working practices, construction, testing and evaluation. The length of this report will be dependent on the project type (see above).  The student will maintain a continuous record in the form of a logbook detailing the research, construction, analysis, calculations, methodology of work conducted throughout the year and submit this along with the report.  CW2:       20% Learning Outcome 3 This assessment consists of a project viva voce giving an opportunity for you to discuss the critical issues and key features of the project.  This will take the form of a 15 minute presentation and a 15 minute period for questioning of the student in terms of their involvement with the project. Due consideration will be given to any hardware or software produced by you during the project; this will have been demonstrated to the supervisor prior to the viva voce.  
Reading list
The Circuit Designer’s Companion. Wilson, Peter, Williams, Tim. Newnes. , 2012.The Project Manager’s Pocket Book. Posner, Keith, Applegarth, Michael, Hailstone, Phil. Management Pocketbooks. 2008Doing Your Research Project Judith Bell and Stephen Waters (2018) earlier editions without Stephen Waters are probably available second hand,.

You are advised to meet your project tutor at least once every two weeks, even if it is only for a brief update of progress. It is your responsibility to contact your tutor and arrange these meetings. Your progress meetings should always consider, amongst others, the following:
The aims of the project, and any modifications that may be needed.
Progress made to date, both in terms of research and practical work, and how this compares to the original project plan.
Current utilisation of resources (monies, laboratory, software, etc.) and future projections of utilisation.
Key issues and challenges fundamental to the progress of your project (i.e. circuit designs, theoretical models, availability of resources, etc.).
Assessment deadlines and progress towards meeting these.
Additionally, information on the following issues will be available throughout the year; this may be given in Lecture/Web or Paper form:
Project Induction – Selecting and Planning a Project
Introduction to Project Facilities
Writing a Project Proposal
Writing the Interim Report
Preparing for the VIVA EXAMINATION…
Note that exact dates and times for these sessions will be posted on the Blackboard course resources notice board for this module.
The limit to project expenditure is £75 total cost.
Expenditure above these limits can only be approved after submission of a Revision of Project Expenditure Limit form, which must be agreed by the Project Tutor and Head of Subject. Only one application to revise the project expenditure limit may be made by each student. A copy of this form is available as Appendix C.
Planning is one of the most important aspects in undertaking a project. It is important that you think carefully about the aims of the project, the path you need to take to achieve those aims and the resources you will need. You should develop a work plan that sets realistic, manageable targets in a time frame that accounts for all the demands on your time. The plan must be achievable in the time you have and you should have a number of aims that represent achievements on the path to a completed project. Structure your project carefully. State what information you will need to seek during the course of the project and how you will achieve its retrieval. Outline the design methodology you will use and the resources required to support it. Describe how you will execute each stage of the project, including methods of evaluation and testing, to ensure that each stage supports the overall objectives. Clearly lay out your plan in chronological order, using a Gantt or similar. Identify potential problems and make contingency plans as necessary. Consider financial aspects of the project at all stages of planning. It is also advisable to plan the formal writing of your report from the start of the project. Your report should be a complete record of your activities and achievements throughout every stage of your project. 
One of the most common and most serious errors is not to leave enough time for writing up.
You will be allocated an academic project tutor and you should make full use of them in planning your project. You should regularly discuss your project plan with your supervisor and start discussing the report well before the time to start writing. Ideally, you should seek comments on the draft of each section that you write.
You should consider the number of hours allocated to you each week for your project (total hours for the year are 240 hours), and make a decision regarding when you are going to meet this commitment. You should remember that the project deadline is a few weeks earlier than the end of the summer semester and hence a commitment of about ten hours per week for the project may be typical.
Some useful tips include:
Before sitting down to work on your project, plan what you are going to do and make sure you have what you need available to you.
If you are not achieving your targets, put an alternative plan in place. Do not think that any problems will just go away.
Arrange meetings with your project tutor in advance and make time to prepare for these meetings.
Set yourself realistic targets to be completed by fixed times and dates.
Make a log of your work in a notebook used only for project work.
Keep records of all reference material that you may eventually use in your report, ideally using the same format.
Write the final report in parallel with the main project activity, and start as early as possible. This will leave you with plenty of opportunities to fine-tune the content.

The project proposal should be no more than 4 sides of A4 type written using 12point Times New Roman Justified text. It should consist of the following sections, with the following numbering scheme:
1.    Project Title
2.    Name and Programme of Study
3.    Aims of the Project
4.    Problem Definition
5.    Plan of Work
6.    Resources
7.    Appendices: Risk Assessment (Form available on the UDo module site)
8.     Consideration of Need for Ethics approval (Form available on the UDo module site)
       Project Title
Ideally this is a brief title describing the main project theme.
e.g. Design of a Domestic Security System.
       Name and Programme of Study
Clearly identify your name, the programme of study.
       Aims of the Project 
Between 3 and 6 aims (more does not necessarily mean better) of the form shown below as an example.
1.            To review the current market requirements for domestic security systems.
2.            To design a domestic security system for a component cost under £25.
3.            To build and test a security system in a domestic environment.
These aims will provide a benchmark against which the success/failure of the project can be judged. It is important to be concise and clear in terms of what you are hoping to achieve.
Project Definition
This section describes the facts, figures, technical background and any other information that is needed to define the project being undertaken. The aims of the project should be justified in terms of their relevance in a technical/commercial/social context, given the financial and time constraints placed on the project. Previous work in the area should be described, along with an explanation of how the proposed project builds on this work. Any special features of the project should be identified (e.g. industrial involvement, commercial potential, novel applications, intellectual property rights) and described in detail.
 Plan of Work
This should include a timetable of events with brief explanatory notes. A critical path should be identified, if it exists. Each activity should include an estimate of the time needed to complete the element. It is vitally important to ensure you plan for lead times on items that require purchasing or manufacture. Your plan should clearly identify the progress you expect to have made at the time of the interim report. A planning chart (Gantt chart), of the type shown below, may be useful to help you identify when different tasks will need to take place.

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Any costs above the specified expenditure limit of the project should be identified here if possible, and will be subject to the application for Revision of Project Expenditure Limit. This section should also describe particular laboratory facilities/access or equipment that is required.
Risk Assessment: A Risk Assessment form must be completed and attached to your proposal. A copy of the Risk Assessment form may be obtained from the student office.
The project proposal must be submitted no later than the date specified at the front of this guide book.
Your proposal must be SUBMITTED ONLINE.            THE PROJECT LOGBOOK
The Log-book is an important element of your project. Through your Log-book you will provide ongoing evidence of practical activities carried out for the project. You must take your log book with you when you meet up with your project tutor as your tutor will wish to see evidence of work you have carried out since the last meeting. The log book will form a growing ‘information base’ about your project and as such it will form a useful reference when it comes to writing the final project report. 
Using your Log-book you will provide information on all of these activities that you carry out. Further, it is expected that you will not only collect and analyse information, but also demonstrate an ability to interpret and assess the performance of techniques applied in different situations, again your log-book write-up will include such information.
All project work should be written up in the log-book promptly at the end of or during laboratory or research activities. It is not particularly important for the log-book to be excessively neat and tidy! It is intended as an ‘online’ record of your thought processes, detailing how you tackled a particular problem and the solution you came up with. Having said this, it is important that the marking tutor can read, follow and understand the work you have carried out.
The following information should act as a guide to the typical entries expected:
Log-Book Front Cover: On the outside cover of your log-book state: Your Name, Module title, module code, University, School and Subject Group.
Date/time: Make sure that you date the start of work on each task.
Title: Always give a title for a new task/experiment.
Objectives: State any specific objectives at the start of each task.
New Page: Always start a new task on a new page.
Background Theory: Any background theory specific to the task should be explained and relevant mathematical relationships stated.
Example Calculations: If you need to use a mathematical relationship, show all working in full. If you provide a MATLAB or ‘C’ routine to calculate the maths for you then show one or two example calculations against which results from you routine can be checked (and to show me that you know what you are doing!).
Commentary: You should provide comments and detailed information throughout the log book.
Programs: Any programs used/developed for a particular task should be thoroughly documented and a full listing cut to size and glued into your book and referenced in the written text.
Tabular & Graphical data: Any tables or graphs generated as part of your work on a task should be printed, cut to size and glued into the log-book.
Problems and Analysis: Each log book task should include your own comments detailing problems you have encountered, methods used to overcome problems and an analysis of the final outcome.
Keep your Log-book up to date & expect to have your Log-book checked periodically throughout the course.
Log-book hand-in: The log-book will be handed in for final assessment to the student information centre towards the end of the module.
The project logbook must be submitted on the date specified at the front of this guide book.
You are expected to take your log book with you when you meet your project tutor for regular meetings throughout the year
Your log book must be handed in at the student office.
For further guidance and information on technical presentations refer to the ‘Guide to Technical Presentations’ towards the end of this information booklet.
            Length of Presentation
Your presentation should last no longer than 10 minutes. You will be stopped on 15 minutes if you have not finished. There will then be a further 15 minute period for questions (viva).
You are expected to attend for the full session of your own presentation session.
            Presentation Facilities
A PC, Projector and Board (plus pens) will be available. Any additional requirements should be discussed, in advance, with both your project tutor and the chair of the session.
            Checklist for Preparing a Technical Presentation
Have you thought about what the audience needs to know?
Have you prepared notes that will help guide you through the presentation but not prevent you from looking at the audience?
Have you prepared appropriate visual aids to enhance your presentation?
Have you worked out what you want to say about each slide?
Have you tried out your visual aids?
Have you practised and timed your whole presentation?
…and on the day –
Have you familiarised yourself with any special equipment?
If you have slides/video, are they ready to go into the computer?
Are your notes and slides in order?
Do you have a watch?
The exact date and time of your presentation will be published approximately two weeks before the presentations are due to take place.
For further guidance and information on technical report writing, refer to the ‘Guide to Report Writing’ which forms Appendix A of this module handbook.
A formal and tight structure is one of the particular characteristics of a report. The structure of a report should be made explicit with the sections marked out by headings and subheadings and numbered in a systematic way.
The Project Report must be submitted no later than the date specified at the front of this guide book.
Your report must be handed into the room 202
An electronic copy should be submitted, see appendix G for more information.
The following should be used as guidance for submitting your project reports.
Detailed information on the structure of reports is given in the ‘Guide to Report Writing’ towards the end of this information booklet.
Number of Copies
You should submit TWO copies of your project report.
The cover should list the following: the project title, author, project tutor, full programme of study title, stage, month and year of submission (e.g. April 2018).
Both copies should be COMB-BOUND.
Text should be 1.5 OR DOUBLE LINE-spaced, 12pt Times New Roman or 11pt Arial. Paragraphs should be justified and separated with double line spacing. New chapters should start on a fresh page. All tables and figures should have titles and be numbered consecutively using the format Figure<chapter><number>. Table <chapter><number> (e.g. Table 1.1, Table 1.2, Table 1.3, etc. for the first three tables in Chapter 1, Figure 2.1, Figure 2.2, Figure 2.3, etc. for the first three figures in Chapter 2).
You should discuss the arrangement for storing project builds and equipment with your project tutor. They should not be submitted to the Student Office.
Assessment generic grade descriptors and specific IEP module grade descriptors.
Level 6
% mark
Mark Descriptors
Excellent Outstanding; high to very high standard; a high level of critical analysis and evaluation, incisive original thinking; commendable originality; exceptionally well researched; high quality presentation; exceptional clarity of ideas; excellent coherence and logic. Trivial or very minor errors.
Very good A very good standard; a very good level of critical analysis and evaluation; significant originality; well researched; a very good standard of presentation; pleasing clarity of ideas; thoughtful and effective presentation; very good sense of coherence and logic; minor errors only.
Second     Div 1
Good A good standard; a fairly good level of critical analysis and evaluation; some evidence of original thinking or originality; quite well researched; a good standard of presentation; ideas generally clear and coherent, some evidence of misunderstandings; some deficiencies in presentation.
Second            Div 2
Satisfactory A sound standard of work; a fair level of critical analysis and evaluation; little evidence of original thinking or originality; adequately researched; a sound standard of presentation; ideas fairly clear and coherent, some significant misunderstandings and errors; some weakness in style or presentation but satisfactory overall.
Unsatisfactory Overall marginally unsatisfactory; some sound aspects but some of the following weaknesses are evident; inadequate critical analysis and evaluation; little evidence of originality; not well researched; standard of presentation unacceptable; ideas unclear and incoherent; some significant errors and misunderstandings. Marginal fail.
Marginal          Fail
Very poor Well below the pass standard; a poor critical analysis and evaluation; no evidence of originality; poorly researched; standard of presentation totally unacceptable; ideas confused and incoherent, some serious misunderstandings and errors. A clear fail well short of the pass standard. At the bottom of the range the work demonstrates nothing of merit.
Non-submission No work has been submitted.
Academic offence notation Applies to proven instances of academic offence.
          The Purpose of this Guide
As part of your project module and in preparation for your future career, you will be required from time-to-time to write reports on a variety of topic areas. Reports are not intended to be just extended essays, but structured to carefully specified terms of reference. This in itself is a highly relevant skill for managers and all writers of reports who are increasingly called upon to provide advice on various issues in a formal manner.
This guide has been prepared to assist you in acquiring these all important skills so that you may eventually develop your own report writing style, whilst at the same time not losing sight of the need to structure the report in a professional format as required by the terms of reference.
Good report writing is a skill that is developed through practice and increasing confidence, and it is hoped that in the early stages of report writing you will use this guide regularly as a source of reference.
Types of Report
According to the dictionary a report is “an account given or opinion formally expressed, after investigation or consideration”. It will be seen from this definition that a report is considered to be formal, and is required to give an account of the matter covered or to state an opinion on it; and sometimes both are required. In most cases, conclusions have to be drawn by the author of the report, and, often, recommendations given.
Generally speaking there are two types of report, though every report will not fall neatly in to one or other of these categories.
The first is the individual report. This is usually expressed in the first person and is the kind used for internal routine reports and short reports on day-to-day matters.
The second kind of report is the general report. This is more formal and is generally written in the third person. Such reports are frequently composed for external or public circulation and are often quite lengthy.
Writing Your Report
This part of the Guide to Report Writing is primarily concerned with the task of writing up your report.
The three major parts of your report are the planning stage, the work itself and the writing up. However, you would be well advised not to leave all the writing up until the end.
Even at the planning stage of your report you should be able to work out an outline structure for the final submission which you can then refer to and possibly modify as you proceed with your activities. As your report develops you should then be able to write up certain sections in draft form to fit in with the planned structure. For instance, it should be possible for you to write up the background material at quite an early stage.
Towards the end of your report there will come a time when you have to call a halt to the planning and execution, and move into the final stage in which you write up your report.
All your efforts in planning and carrying out your investigation will be wasted unless your results are written up in such a way that they can be easily understood by others. Remember, if your findings are not communicated effectively they will be overlooked.
          Report Format
The reader(s) of your report will be interested in the full range of activities that you have undertaken. Whatever structure you select, they are likely to want to know at some time the following:
The purpose of the report?
How you conducted your investigation?
What methods you used to gather your evidence?
What you found out?
A description of what you did is in itself not enough; you will be expected to analyse the situation that you have found, to evaluate the data you collected and to reach conclusions and/or make recommendations which arise out of the work that you have done.
Whatever the actual content of your investigation, the structure of your final report must always be evident to the reader and should allow the findings and recommendations to be presented in a logical fashion. What now follows is a suggested format which you can use as a basis for devising an appropriate format for your particular investigation. It is most unlikely that the people reading your report will start at the beginning and read through to the end. That usually only happens when reading a novel or a story. Equally, it is unlikely that you will write section one of your report first and then continue to write it in a sequential order through to the conclusions at the end. In fact, you should find the pattern of writing that suits you best.
If you are at all apprehensive about what is involved in writing up your report, find the easiest and most attractive part of it and write that first to build up your confidence.
In outlining a possible report format, use will be made of fictitious examples to illustrate the points made.
Title Page
Include a title page, incorporating the title of your report, your name and the date the report was completed. The title should accurately reflect the nature of your study and should be brief and to the point. A main title and sub-title clarifies the purpose of the study. The contents and layout of a title page for a fictitious report appears in the box below.
The University of Derby
School of
Civil Engineering
Independent Engineering Project Module
The Design and Build of an Automated Position Measurement System
Bertie Jones
BSc (Hons) Civil Engineering
April 2018
Acknowledgements and Thanks
You may wish to acknowledge the help given to you in carrying out your investigation and the preparation of your report. If so, acknowledgements come after the title page. In the example given it would be appropriate to thank any organisation for providing data and other information to assist in the study.
The abstract should state clearly and concisely the terms of reference, scope, method and conclusions reached in the report. An abstract should never exceed 250 words and may be considerably shorter. Here is an example.
Traditional methods of document production in the University of Life are described, along with the trade union agreements covering this area. An analysis of the different types of documents produced and a survey of the aspirations of personnel involved have been conducted. Possible advances in document preparation are compared and the financial and training implication outlined, leading to a recommendation for a pilot study in 1998.
Table of Contents
The table of contents is an essential component of a report and should be as complete as necessary to make it useful to other readers. An example contents page is shown below:
Contents                                                                              i
List of Tables                                                                        ii
List of Figures                                                                       iii
Notation                                                                               iv         
1.     Introduction                                                                   3
       1.1       Overview                                                           3
       1.2       Literature Review                                               5
       1.3       Methods of Investigation                                    7
2.     Terms of Reference                                                       8
       2.1       Introduction                                                       10
       2.2       Aims of the Investigation                                     11
3.     Conduct of the Study                                                     13        
       3.1       Interviews Undertaken                                        15        
       3.2       Documents Collected                                         17
       3.3       Questionnaire Designed                                     20
4.     Analysis and Discussion                                                23
       4.1       Current Problems                                               26        
       4.2       Effects of Change                                              28
       4.3       Implications of Change                                       31
5.     Conclusions                                                                  34
6.     Recommendations                                                         36
7.     References                                                                    38
List of Tables
Each table in the report should have a table number and title at the top. The List of Tables gives the number, title and page number of tables in the main body of the report, but not appendices. Number these pages using the form (chapter). (table index), i.e. 1.1, 1.2 … for the first two tables in Chapter 1, followed by 2.1, 2.2 … for the first two tables in Chapter 2.
List of Figures or Illustrations
Each figure that appears in your report should have a title and figure number below the figure, and should be referred to in the text by both the number and title. The List of Figures gives the figure number, title and page numbers for all figures in the main body of the report. Number these pages using the form (chapter). (figure index), i.e. 1.1, 1.2 … for the first two figures in Chapter 1, followed by 2.1, 2.2, for the first figures in Chapter 2.
In reports that contain a significant number of equations and mathematical symbols, it is often helpful to provide a notation at the beginning of the report which lists the symbols together with their definition.
Introduction: Overview
The introduction should provide the reader(s) with the terms of reference, the organisation or person(s) for whom the report is intended, the issue under investigation and its importance, and such information as when and where it was carried out if this is not obvious. This section should be as brief as possible, but should provide the reader(s) with the necessary background information to give the setting of the investigation. Bear in mind your reader(s) and how familiar they may or may not be with the situation.
Literature Review
The value of a review to the reader(s) of your report is that it explains the context and background of the study if this is appropriate. Selection has to be made, and only books and articles which relate directly to the study should be included. The literature review can be written first, and, if you have managed to discipline yourself sufficiently well to write up sections and sub-sections as you have completed them, much of the work of this section will be ready for revision before you begin to collect data.
Methods of Investigation
This section explains how the problem was investigated and why particular methods and techniques were employed. Accounts of the procedure, size of sample, method of selection, choice of variables and controls, and tests of measurement and statistical analyses, if any, should be provided.
Terms of Reference
This should be a brief explanation of the purpose of the investigation. Explain the problem in a few sentences. Provide any background necessary to place the study in its context. Draw attention to any limitations of the study at this stage. In this section you should clearly if there are any limitations to the work. Identify the terms of reference in relation to any other issues that would affect the investigation.
Main Body of the Report
This should contain the material gathered and presented in a logical sequence. The way the results are presented is important and tables, charts, graphs and other figures should illuminate the text. If they do not then there is no point taking up valuable space. The text, which should be written after the results have been prepared, should not duplicate information in the tables and figures, but should highlight significant aspects of the findings so that all relevant facts are presented in a way that draws the readers’ attention to what is most important. Remember, that readers appreciate quality and are wearied by quantity. Be careful to limit your interpretations to what can be reasonably justified from the results. It is quite a good idea to look at the way other students have presented tables and figures.
Analysis and Discussion
It is often best to start this section with a re-statement of the problem before discussing how the results affect existing knowledge of the subject. If your study aimed to test certain hypotheses, then this section should demonstrate whether or not they were supported by the evidence. Any deficiencies in the investigation should be mentioned, with suggestions about different approaches which might have been more appropriate. Implication for improvement of practice, if any, should also be drawn out.
Conclusions and Recommendations
The main conclusions of the report should be summarised here briefly and simply. Only conclusions that can be justifiably drawn from the findings should be made. There is often a great temptation to drop in an opinion for which no evidence is provided in the report and this may spoil a good report by including a throwaway remark. Before writing this section, read through the whole of the report and make a note of the key points. Readers who want a quick idea of what your investigation is about will look at the abstract, the introduction and certainly the summary and conclusions. This section should enable readers to understand clearly what has been done and the conclusions that have been drawn from the evidence provided. The conclusions should relate to the terms of reference stated at the beginning of the report.
Any recommendations should describe a course of action to deal with the issue under investigation and should be based on the conclusions reached.
Only books and articles which have been cited or referred to in the report should be provided. These books and articles will form the list of references. A full bibliography should not be included in your report.
The method of referencing: Harvard Referencing style
In the body of the report the authors’ surname and date of publication are given.
“In his extensive survey Dix [2001] found that the range of applications utilising artificial intelligence had grown fivefold in the past decade”
In the list of references this will appear as
Dix, M. Z. (2001) “ AI Applications.” Journal of Intelligent Systems, Vol.7, No.1-2 pp.20-31.
Note the order of the reference:
Surname and initials
Date of publication
Title of article/publication
Name of journal (in italics)
Volume number of journal, issue number
Page numbers.
For further information, see:
Copies of any research instruments (questionnaires, interview schedules, etc.) that have been used should be included in an appendix. One copy of any data collecting instrument (e.g. a questionnaire) is all that is required.
Word length
There is a maximum word length depending on the type of the project, i.e.
• An “investigative study” will include experiments or tests on equipment or systems already available. The main item of assessment is the analytical report of the investigation. The prescribed word count is not more than 7000 words (not including appendices, programme listings, contents page, abstract, table titles or figure captions).
 A “practical project” where the main assessment weighting is for a hardware, software (or hardware/software) artefact, and a technical evaluative report where the conclusion/recommendation should be substantial and analytical.  The report word count is less than that for the ‘investigative study’ and should be no more than 6000 words (not including appendices, program listings, contents page, abstract, table titles or figure captions).
Please note that 7000/6000 words is the maximum allowed, but this should in no way be interpreted to mean that less than 7000/6000 is undesirable.  On the contrary we would encourage you to be as succinct and economical as possible in your use of words, in order to achieve clarity of expression.
Final Presentation
General Style
The general style of the report should be impersonal, but this does not mean that it must be all in the passive voice. It does mean RESTRICTING USE OF the word ‘I’, and, even more importantly, such phrases as ‘in my opinion’. ‘In the opinion of the writer’ is even worse. The reader(s) are interested in your evidence and not your opinion.
Clarity, simplicity of style and brevity are the cardinal virtues. Abbreviations are inexcusable except for the more widely known, like IBM, and even these should be given in full on the first occasion they occur, since the report may be read by someone who is unfamiliar with them. Technical terms should be avoided in the introductory and concluding sections. In other sections the use of technical terms may be inevitable, but not jargon, in the sense of unnecessary technical language which can be expressed more simply.
Your report must be typed or word-processed on A4 paper. Type on one side of the paper only, in 1.5 line spacing leaving a left hand margin of 40 mm and 25 mm for the right hand, top and bottom margins. All pages should be numbered.
As with other written communication, your report should flow logically from one point to another, and should develop in an orderly and easily understood fashion. With this aim in view, it is of great assistance if the headings and sub-headings of the various sections of the report are laid down first so that a proper framework is constructed. The writing of the full account can then be undertaken in the sure knowledge that a logical arrangement has been established. Further, this method helps to avoid the accidental omission of important points that have to be made.
Meeting the Required Date
Not only is a report required for a specific purpose, it will almost always be required by a specific date. This must be known at the outset and must be met at all costs. A report that is not ready when needed is valueless.
Tables and Figures
Not all reports will have tables and figures but, if these are to be included, remember that they must be numbered and given a title as shown below. Remember, carefully check the table and figure numbers before you send off your report.
All quotations must be acknowledged. If you are only quoting a few words or one sentence, it will be sufficient to indicate this by using inverted commas in the main text, with the source in brackets. If words are missed out of the quotation, indicate by three full stops. If the quotation is longer than a single sentence then use a dedicated “quote style, 10pt, double indent it and use single spacing, with 13pt spacing after:
It is vital to ensure that your reader understands when you are quoting a previous author in order to clearly avoid misunderstandings over authorship. (Lennox, 2010)
Appendix B -Finding information –Library resources
Finding information and retrieving it effectively is crucial to your time spent studying.  There are numerous sources for information, books, journals, the web etc. and care must be taken to ensure that the sources you use accurate and reliable.  Sadly some sources – in particular web sources are not always true or dependable, so you must learn to critically assess your sources and ensure you keep an accurate copy and record of where your information comes from.
If you have any questions or problems with using the Library you may ask at the Library Information Desk, or contact David Clark (Subject Librarian – Science and Technology –tel. (01332) 59 1203.  E-mail: room L103).
The following is a mixture informing you of some of the sources of information and some exercises to familiarize yourself with library searches.
All the online library resources are available from the University of Derby Electronic Library & all are available off-campus.
Logon to UDo and select “Quick Links”, then “Athens (for library resources)”.
This takes you to the University of Derby Electronic Library (UDEL) – Information Resources.
The library uses a password system called Athens to access many of the resources we pay for, but once logged in as above you usually don’t need any other usernames and passwords.  If you are off-campus, you will often need to click on an Athens link or an Institutional login and then an Athens link at a database or journal webpage. But not always! This can sometimes cause some confusion so contact us if you have any difficulties. If you don’t do this you may find you do not have access to resources which we have paid for.
The online library catalogue (Prism) gives information on which books (and other materials such as journals, videos and DVDS) are held in the Library, how many copies, shelf number, loan status, whether they are on loan etc. You may reserve and renew books from it, and find out which books you have out on loan. Your book loan details are also on UDo – Study link.
There are dedicated online catalogues in the Library and you may also access the library catalogue in the University of Derby Electronic Library (UDEL):
From the Information Resources page, select “Library Catalogue” (on the left or at the top). You may sometimes hear the library catalogue referred to as Prism (the system used being called Talis Prism). It is straightforward to use. You can just type in an author, title word or other search terms into the search box.
More specific searches may be done by choosing “More Search Options”.
Bookmarks are available on the book floors which give the self numbers for books on subjects within Electronics & Sound. A copy of the main text books may be held for reference only in the Library as well as having copies you may take out.
Print journals (or periodicals) are shelved in alphabetical order of title (ignoring “the” or “a” at the beginning of the title) in the 2 journal stacks on the Lower Ground Floor of the Kedleston Rd Library. The current issues of journals are displayed on the Upper Ground Floor.  We have a number of journals which are printed only and not electronic journals
Journal titles which the University subscribes to are listed on the online catalogue and in the printed lists of journals by subject available on the publications stand on the first/second floor of the Library. These are also available online from the Library Guides link in Resources by Subject links in the University of Derby Electronic Library:
“Music Technology & Popular Music Journals”,
“Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Sound & Music Journals”.
Finding relevant articles in journals can be quite problematic. Sometimes there is no substitute for simply browsing through back issues of a particular title on the shelves and browsing the current/most recent journals is a good way of keeping up to date. But for a large number of titles searching though printed back collections is obviously very time-consuming and tedious.
Finding a particular electronic journal (information)
If you know the name of the electronic journal you want to see, look in the A-Z Electronic Journals link in the University of Derby Electronic Library. If you are working from outside the University note that you may need to find and click on an Athens or Institutional logon link to see the full article in a journal.
Journal databases
We have a number of journal databases which contain journals for particular subjects. There is no one single database to use generally for Electronics & Sound subjects. It depends on the topic you are wanting to search for. Some are more technology based, others more general. 
Some of the databases contain full-text (complete) journal articles within them.
Others contain a mix of full-text and the details of journal articles, but not the complete article.
Others again are indexes which only details of journal articles, but not the complete article. The latter are more wide ranging and are useful when you need to search wider. If we have an electronic subscription to a journal article you may be able to link through from the database to the article through our Electronic Library.
You may find the following useful (alphabetically arranged):
Abstracts in New Technologies and Engineering 
A British index, listing journal articles from all branches of engineering & technology. This does not include full articles but gives details of published journal articles. If we have an electronic journal then you can link through to it.
AES Electronic Library
Includes the full Journal of the Audio Engineering Society & their preprints and conference papers from 1953.
Computer Database
A database of articles on practical and product aspects of computing, communications and electronics, many of which are complete / full-text articles.
EBSCO Business Source Premier
Contains a large range of full-text journal articles and much wider than the name suggests. A very useful database.
EBSCO Electronic Journals Service
Gives access to a large number of our electronic journals.
Expanded Academic ASAP
General subject coverage but many of the articles are full-text.
Google Scholar
A general index from Google listing journal articles, books and more academic web links from a very large variety of sources. Unless a journal article is free, the details only will be given. Use in conjunction with other databases listed. It will be possible to set Google Scholar up so that you may link through to complete articles if we subscribe.  Use Scholar Preferences and find and select “University of Derby – Univ. of Derby E-Journals”. You need to login to UDo first to be able to link through to any journals we have access to.
IET Digital Library (Institution of Engineering & Technology)
We have subscriptions to the 20 IET research journals from 1994- through the IET Digital Library & also the journal Engineering & Technology
Science Full Text Select
A database with complete articles from a range of science & technology journals and indexing others. Can be used with Art Fulltext select which can be useful for music.
For most of these databases you can search in a variety of different ways including limiting your search and combining search terms. They are all slightly different so use the help pages or ask.
British Standards
The University subscribes to the complete set of British Standards online.
Do not go through the public British Standards website – you will not have access to the full British Standards that way.
To access British Standards:
Go to the University of Derby Electronic Library – Information Resources
Select British Standards under Key Indexes & Databases.
Use the “search by Standard no” or “search by keyword” search box.
You should be able to see a whole British Standard by clicking on “open document”
InfoTrac Newspapers
This can be found from the Information Resources page, under Key Indexes & Databases.
It contains the full text (but not graphics) of the following from 1995/96 to the present:
Daily Telegraph & Sunday Telegraph, Financial Times, Guardian and Observer, Independent, Times and Sunday Times.  The newspapers may be searched individually or collectively.
Technical Indexes/ IHS Occupational Health & Safety Information Service (OHSIS)
From the Information Resources page, under Key Indexes & Databases – Technical Indexes/IHS Databases.
If you have any problems or need any help with using the Library you may ask at the Library Information Desk (01332 591207), or contact David Clark (Subject Librarian – Science and Technology –tel. (01332) 59 1203.  E-mail: room L103.
Various Library guides are available to help you.
Specific subject guides for Electronics & Sound are available on the publications stands (first floor of the Kedleston Rd Library). These include:
With the exception of the bookmarks, these are also available online.
Follow the links: Library Information Resources page – Resources by Subject – Music Technology & Popular Music / or Electronics & Sound – Resource Guides
Other online help
See the help links on the Library Information Resources page.
Make sure you can find your way around the Library and all of the various ways of accessing the information that is there to help support your time at Derby.
University of Derby
Project Modules
Revision of Project Expenditure Form
To be completed by the student
Student Name                           :
Award Type                              : BEng/BSc (Hons)/BSc/HND/HNC (delete as applicable)
Programme of Study                 :
Project Title                               :          
Project Tutor                             :
Date of Request                        :
Justification for overspend         :
New Proposed Project Cost       :
Student Signature                      :                                   Date:
Project Tutor Signature  :                                               Date:
Head of Division Signature        :                                   Date:
University of Derby
Project Modules
Industrial Supervisor Form
To be completed by the student
Student Name                           :
Award Type                              : BSc (Hons)
Programme of Study                 : Civil Engineering
Project Title                               :          
Company Name                        :
Company Address                    :
Company Telephone/Fax           :
To be completed by the Industrial Supervisor
Has the project been completed to your satisfaction?                  YES / NO
Is the work submitted by the student their own work?       YES / NO
I certify that the work completed by  ………………………………………… is
equivalent to ………………….. hours of study.
Additional Comments (if necessary):
Name of Industrial Supervisor (please print):
Position                                                            :
Signature:  …………………………………
Appendix E
Plagiarism Statement (taken from UoD website)
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is the passing off of another person’s thoughts, ideas, writings or images as your own work. Plagiarism can also include copying directly from another source, or paraphrasing the text of another author without acknowledging them. Another aspect of plagiarism is described as collusion, which is where you’ve worked with someone else to produce a piece of work, but then submitted it as you own individual work.
Plagiarism and collusion behaviour can often happen unintentionally and can be avoided when you become more familiar with good academic practice and referencing. For more information about the academic regulations please take a look at
This can be found at, Part j
Appendix F
University of Derby Policy and Code of Practice on Research Ethics (taken from UoD website)
Research Ethics Policy and code of practice relates to research activities undertaken by all staff, and students pursuing undergraduate (UG), postgraduate taught (PGT), postgraduate research (PGR) or postgraduate professional (PGP) awards or by a visiting research worker.
All research undertaken by staff and students under the aegis of the University of Derby should only be undertaken after effective consideration of its ethical implications. Full regard of the University’s Code of Practice on Research Ethics should be given and it can found at
Ethics Form
Request for ethical approval for students on taught programmes
Please complete this form and return it to your supervisor as advised in your module handbook.  Feedback on your application will be via your supervisor or co-ordinator. 
Your Name:
Student ID:
Unimail address:
Other contact information
Programme name and code
Module name and code
Name of supervisor
Name of co-ordinator
Title of proposed research study
Supervisor Comments
Are the ethical implications of the proposed research adequately described in this application?
Yes q               No q
Does the overall study have low, moderate or high risk in terms of ethical implications?
Low q              Moderate q               High  q
Does the study method describe a process of research that is ethically sound?
Yes q              No q
The information supplied is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, accurate.  I clearly understand my obligations and the rights of the participants.  I agree to act at all times in accordance with University of Derby Policy and Code of Practice on Research Ethics:  
Signature of applicant
Date of submission by applicant
Signature of supervisor
Date of signature by supervisor
For Committee Use      Reference Number (Subject area initials/year/ID number)………………….   Date received……………… Date approved …………….                     Signed………………………   Comments  

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1. What is the aim of your study?  What are the objectives for your study?  
2. Explain the rationale for this study (refer to relevant research literature in your response).  
3. Provide an outline of study design and methods.  
4. Research Ethics Does the proposed study entail ethical considerations    Yes / No       (please delete as appropriate) If you are unsure please seek advice before submitting this form.   If ‘No’ provide a statement below to support this position.  If ‘Yes’ move on to Question 5.   Please note: PROPOSALS INVOLVING HUMAN PARTICIPANTS MUST ADDRESS QUESTIONS   5 – 11.  
5. Please provide a detailed description of the study sample, covering selection, sample profile,
    recruitment and if appropriate, inclusion and exclusion criteria.  
6. Are payments or rewards/incentives going to be made to the participants? Yes ¨     No ¨   
    If so, please give details below.
7.  Please indicate how you intend to address each of the following ethical considerations in your study. If you consider that they do not relate to your study please say so. Guidance to completing this section of the form is provided at the end of the document. Consent Deception Debriefing Withdrawal from the investigation Confidentiality Protection of participants  Observation research Giving advice Research undertaken in public places Data protection Animal Rights Environmental protection
8. Are there any further ethical implications arising from your proposed research?  Yes ¨     No ¨    If your answer was no, please explain why.  
9. Have / do you intend to request ethical approval from any other body/organisation?  Yes ¨  No ¨     If ‘Yes’ – please give details
10. What resources will you require?  (e.g. psychometric scales, IT equipment, specialised software, access to specialist facilities, such as microbiological containment laboratories).  
11. What study materials will you use? (Please give full details here of validated scales, bespoke questionnaires, interview schedules, focus group schedules etc and attach all materials to the application)  
Which of the following have you appended to this application? q  Focus group questions q  Psychometric scales q  Self-completion questionnaire q  Interview questions q  Other debriefing material q  Covering letter for participants q  Information sheet about your research study q  Informed consent forms for participants q  Other (please describe)  
Environmental protection
The negative impacts of your research on the natural environment and animal welfare must be minimised and must be compliant to current legislation. Your research should appropriately weigh longer-term research benefit against short-term environmental harm needed to achieve research goals.
PLEASE SUBMIT ALONG WITH THIS APPLICATION THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTATION WHERE APPROPRIATE (please tick to indicate the material that has been included or provide information as to why it is not available):
Questionnaires/Interview schedules              
Covering letters/Information sheets       
Briefing and debriefing material                         
Consent forms for participants                      
Advice on completing the ethical considerations aspects of a programme of research
Informed consent must be obtained for all participants before they take part in your project. The form should clearly state what they will be doing, drawing attention to anything they could conceivably object to subsequently. It should be in language that the person signing it will understand. It should also state that they can withdraw from the study at any time and the measures you are taking to ensure the confidentiality of data. If children are recruited from schools you will require the permission, depending on the school, of the head teacher, and of parents. Children over 14 years should also sign an individual consent form themselves. If conducting research on children you will normally also require Criminal Records Bureau clearance.  You will need to check with the school if they require you to obtain one of these.  It is usually necessary if working alone with children, however, some schools may request you have CRB clearance for any type of research you want to conduct within the school. Research to be carried out in any institution (prison, hospital, etc.) will require permission from the appropriate authority.
Covert or Deceptive Research
Research involving any form of deception can be particularly problematical, and you should provide a full explanation of why a covert or deceptive approach is necessary, why there are no acceptable alternative approaches not involving deception, and the scientific justification for deception.
How will participants be debriefed (written or oral)?  If they will not be debriefed, give reasons. Please attach the written debrief or transcript for the oral debrief. This can be particularly important if covert or deceptive research methods are used.
Withdrawal from investigation
Participants should be told explicitly that they are free to leave the study at any time without jeopardy.  It is important that you clarify exactly how and when this will be explained to participants.  Participants also have the right to withdraw their data in retrospect, after you have received it.  You will need to clarify how they will do this and at what point they will not be able to withdraw (i.e. after the data has been analysed and disseminated).
Protection of participants
Are the participants at risk of physical, psychological or emotional harm greater than encountered ordinary life? If yes, describe the nature of the risk and steps taken to minimise it.
Observational research
If observational research is to be conducted without prior consent, please describe the situations in which observations will take place and say how local cultural values and privacy of individuals and/or institutions will be taken into account.
Giving advice
Students should not put themselves in a position of authority from which to provide advice and should in all cases refer participants to suitably qualified and appropriate professionals.
Research in public places
You should pay particular attention to the implications of research undertaken in public places. The impact on the social environment will be a key issue. You must observe the laws of obscenity and public decency. You should also have due regard to religious and cultural sensitivities.
Confidentiality/Data Protection
You must comply with the Data Protection Act and the University’s Good Scientific Practice  This means:
It is very important that the Participant Information Sheet includes information on what the research is for, who will conduct the research, how the personal information will be used, who will have access to the information and how long the information will be kept for. This is known as a ‘fair processing statement.’
You must not do anything with the personal information you collect over and above that for which you have consent.
You can only make audio or visual recordings of participants with their consent (this should be stated on the Participant Information sheet)
Identifiable personal information should only be conveyed to others within the framework of the act and with the participant’s permission.
You must store data securely. Consent forms and data should be stored separately and securely.
You should only collect data that is relevant to the study being undertaken.
Data may be kept indefinitely providing its sole use is for research purposes and meets the following conditions:
The data is not being used to take decisions in respect of any living individual.
The data is not being used in any which is, or is likely to, cause damage and/or distress to any living individual.
You should always protect a participant’s anonymity unless they have given their permission to be identified (if they do so, this should be stated on the Informed Consent Form).
All data should be returned to participants or destroyed if consent is not given after the fact, or if a participant withdraws. 
Animal rights.
Research which might involve the study of animals at the University is not likely to involve intrusive or invasive procedures. However, you should avoid animal suffering of any kind and should ensure that proper animal husbandry practices are followed. You should show respect for animals as fellow sentient beings.
Environmental protection
The negative impacts of your research on the natural environment and animal welfare, must be minimised and must be compliant to current legislation. Your research should appropriately weigh longer-term research benefit against short-term environmental harm needed to achieve research goals.
Record of Risk Assessment (Example)
Assessment Reference
Activity assessed
Persons who may be affected by the activity
Dan Woodward
SECTION A:  Initial Assessment Overview
Consider the activity or work area and identify if any of the hazards listed below are significant.  
Fall of person
Fall of objects
2.1.2.                              X
Noise or Vibration
High Pressure
Psychological effects
Mobile work equipment
Hot / Cold Surfaces
Fire/ explosion
Human error
Manual handling operations
Mechanical lifting equipment
Workstation – Layout / space
Repetitive work
Display screen equipment
Confined space
Peripatetic / lone working
Housekeeping / waste material
Sharp objects
Temperature / weather
Buildings & glazing
SECTION B:  Second Stage Assessment
      S = Severity
3.    For each hazard identified in Section A complete Section B                                          L = Likelihood  
Hazard No.
Hazard  Description
1.)     2.)     8.)     11.)     13.)   14.)     22.)   23.)
3.1.1.                              Fall of person/tripping over cables   Repetitive Work/RIS/Back Problems   Tools/Equipment/Mixing Facilities   Display Screen     Electricity/Electrics   Noise or Vibration/Exposure to high SPL   Lighting/Varied light exposure   Confined space/limited area for movement
All cables hidden from physical view     Correct posture and regular breaks     Appropriately placed and appropriate usage     Use of LCD rather than CRT monitoring. Regular breaks.   Equipment PAT tested   Monitor at reasonable levels/take regular breaks     Take regular breaks/use correct lighting situations   Take regular breaks with movement
1     3     1     1     3   1     1   1
2     2     1     2     1   2     1   2
Tolerable     Moderate     Trivial     Tolerable     Tolerable   Tolerable     Trivial   Tolerable
No. Of Section B Continuation sheets used: 0    
3.1.3.                              Dan Woodward
Date of Assessment
Revision No.

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Appendix G: General Module Information
For this module you should expect to manage approximately 150 hours 240 hours?of personal study and assignment preparation time during the 12-week semester alongside the timetabled sessions. This equates to approximately 12 hours per week in directed study work alongside 4 hours per week in lectures and tutorials.
Attendance at taught sessions is critical to ensure successful completion of assessed work and a compulsory requirement of the Module. Un-notified absence is in breach of University regulations. Notification of an unavoidable absence from a Lecture, Seminar, or Tutorial should be submitted in advance (wherever practicable) to Samantha Horsthuis , London College Top Up coordinator:
Help, support and well-being
Balancing the demands of undergraduate study with other life commitments and opportunities can be challenging and there will be occasions when the level of challenge becomes significant. If you need help or support, please ask.
Module related questions and queries should be addressed within the tutorial sessions and via online module discussion boards. If you are unsure about anything, or if you think you are struggling with any aspect of the coursework, please contact the module leader via email. If you experience any problems that disrupt your studies please contact your Personal Tutor, Programme Leader, Subject Leader or the Student Liaison Officer as soon as possible. There are also a number of additional support services available and information is available online.
You will have been allocated a personal tutor for your studies. Your personal tutor may contact you to arrange meetings on an interim basis and will publish information about available times for drop-in contact or discussion throughout the academic year. It is important that you take advantage of this support and that you feel able to contact your personal tutor whenever you need help relating to your studies. Please do familiarise yourself with your personal tutor and get in touch whenever you need support. 
It is important that you familiarise yourself with the appropriate section of the general institutional health and safety regulations to ensure your wellbeing:
A range of support services is available for undergraduate students. The UCK as well as the British libraries house a range of resources to support student learning.
Access to Facilities
Computing facilities are normally available for access outside of teaching hours whenever London College is officially open.
Assessment regulations and processes
The University is moving to electronic submission (eSubmission) of all assignments where this is possible. Your tutor will advise you if this is not the case for the assignments of this module.
Start by taking a look at the eSub website as this is the main site supporting students with eSubmission and provides support documents and videos to talk you through the whole process.
You will also find a printable guide in the Assessments area of your module called Electronic Submission Guide for Students this will talk you through the submission process and guide you to further resources to help you submit your work.
Full details about assessment specifications will be provided in lectures and tutorials. It is however important to familiarise yourself with the assessment regulations relating particularly to plagiarism and academic offences, and the significance of completing and submitting work on time. Assessment regulations are available from:  
If you experience significant personal difficulties that compromise your ability to complete assessed work by the stipulated deadline, please refer to the Exceptional Extenuating Circumstances regulations at:

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