Berg Balance Scale About

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Berg Balance Scale About: This scale measures balance in older adults. Items: 14
Equipment: Yardstick One standard chair with arm rests One standard chair without arm rests Footstool/step Stopwatch or wristwatch 15 foot walkway
Reliability: Cronbach’s alphas were greater than 0.83 for stroke patients and 0.97 for elderly residents.
Scoring: A five-point scale, a range of 0-4. 0 = lowest level of function 4 = highest level of function. Highest possible score = 56 Score of < 45 indicates a greater risk of falling
41-56 = low fall risk 21-40 = medium fall risk 0 -20 = high fall risk
Reference:
Berg K, Wood-❑auphinee 5, Williams Jl, Maki, B (1992). Measuring balance in the elderly: validation of an instrument. Can. J. Pub. Health July/August supplement 2:57-11
Norms:
Table 4. Berg Balance Scale Scores: Means, Standard Deviations, and Confidence Intervals by Age, Gender, and Use of Assistive Device
Age (y) Group N Mean SD CI 60-69 Male 1 51.0 – 353 – 66.7 Female 5 54.6 0.5 47.6 – 61.6 Overall 6 54.0 1.5 52.4 – 55.6 70-79 Male 9 53.9 1.5 48.7 – 59.1 Female 10 51.6 2.6 46.6 – 56.6 Overall 19 52.7 2.4 51.5 – 53.8 80-89 Male 10 41.8 12.2 36.8 – 46.8 Female 24 42.1 8.0 38.9 – 45.3 No Device 24 46.3 4.2 44.1 – 48.5 Device 10 31.7 10.0 28.3 – 35.1 Overall 34 42.0 9.2 38.8 – 45.3 90-101 Male 2 40.0 1.4 28.9 – 51.1 Female 15 36.9 9.7 32.8 – 40.9 No Device 7 45 4.2 40.9 – 49.1 Device 10 31.8 7.6 28.4 – 35.2 Overall 17 37.2 9.1 32.5 – 41.9
Lusardi, M.M. (2004). Functional Performance in Community Living Older Adults,. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 26(3), 14-22.

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